(lit. ‘sharing’ or ‘associating’)
   Worshipping other deities or creatures alongside God (i.e. polytheism). This is the worst form of disbelief and, according to the Qur’an, the one sin that cannot be forgiven. This is because it flies in the face of Islam’s fundamental tenet, ‘There is no god but God’ (la ilaha illa Allah), effectively denying God’s existence as such. The accusation of shirk occurs as a common polemical denunciation against theological and philosophical opponents, where it can be employed rather loosely, based on the potential, unforeseen implications of a position rather than explicit claims. For instance, in the controversy concerning free will and predestination, both Mu‘tazilites and Ash‘arites accused each other of committing shirk (the Mu‘tazilites because they attribute to the human being a creative power comparable to God’s, the Ash‘arites because their doctrine of acquisition involves an association between God and the human being).

Islamic Philosophy. . 2007.


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  • Shirk — (arabe شرك associé) se réfère en islam au seul péché, s il n est pas suivi d un repentir terrestre, impardonnable par Dieu. Il consiste à l association d autres dieux ou d autres êtres à Dieu, en leur accordant l honneur et l adoration qui ne… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shirk — Shirk, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shirked}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shirking}.] [Probably the same word as shark. See {Shark}, v. t.] 1. To procure by petty fraud and trickery; to obtain by mean solicitation. [1913 Webster] You that never heard the call of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shirk — * Shirk , to avoid work or other responsibilities because of laziness * Shirk (Islam), in Islam, the sin of idolatry or associating beings or things with Allah * Shirk break , a synonym for coffee break …   Wikipedia

  • shirk — [ʃə:k US ʃə:rk] v [I and T] [Date: 1600 1700; Origin: Perhaps from German schurke bad man ] to deliberately avoid doing something you should do, because you are lazy ▪ a salesman who was fired for shirking shirk your… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shirk — [ ʃɜrk ] verb intransitive or transitive to avoid doing something difficult or avoid accepting responsibility for something: A good manager should never shirk difficult decisions. ╾ shirk|er noun count …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • shirk´er — shirk «shurk», verb, noun. –v.t., v.i. to avoid or get out of doing (work or a duty): »He lost his job because he shirked his work. Common men cannot shirk world politics and at the same time enjoy private freedom (H. G. Wells). SYNONYM(S): evade …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shirk — Shirk, v. i. 1. To live by shifts and fraud; to shark. [1913 Webster] 2. To evade an obligation; to avoid the performance of duty, as by running away. [1913 Webster] One of the cities shirked from the league. Byron. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shirk — Shirk, n. One who lives by shifts and tricks; one who avoids the performance of duty or labor. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shirk — shirk·er; shirk; …   English syllables

  • shirk — ► VERB ▪ avoid or neglect (a duty or responsibility). DERIVATIVES shirker noun. ORIGIN from obsolete shirk «sponger», perhaps from German Schurke scoundrel …   English terms dictionary

  • shirk — I verb abstain, avoid, cheat, detrectare, dodge, duck, elude, escape from, evade, funk, ignore, keep away from, leave undone, malinger, neglect, quit, refuse, run from, shrink, shun, slink away, stay away, steer clear II index default, disobey,… …   Law dictionary